Iuventa / Výskum mládeže / Data catalogue / 2007 / Political and civic participation of university students in Slovakia

Political and civic participation of university students in Slovakia

Research identification sheet ID: DAYR 014


Authors of research: Ladislav Macháček, Mária Bošňáková, Mária Dugovičová, Slovak Youth Research Society /SYRS, Bratislavav
Period of data collection: 2007 (October – November)
Data collection: Agency of Social Analyses ASA plc, Bratislava

Abstract:


Between October and November 2005 (870 respondents) and in year 2007 (934 respondents) were done two casework of university students in Slovakia. The mission of these researches was to bring important information about students´ opinions and attitudes as well as their knowledge and competence to orientate themselves in difficulties of civic and political life. Above all we looked on the difficulty of the development of students´ participation in the self-government of their own school.

Research results:


Overall interest into policy reaches at university students only 38%. Undergraduates favour right-wing and liberal values. In 2007 the assurance to politicians, political parties and to the parliament was relatively low (10-15%). European institutions (European Commission and European Parliament) also NGOs (Greenpeace, Amnesty International) have higher credit than Slovak institutions and NGOs (38%). The assurance to the Slovak Government remains untouched in comparison to years 2005 and 2007 (17.1% and 18.9%).
Expectations of undergraduates about how successful they will be in the future were in year 2005 in general optimistic in comparison to their parents´ expectations: in 2005 (60%) and in 2007 (55%). Undergraduates refer personal blame/culpa to unemployed people for their unemployment more than in year 2005. The capital punishment would be supported by more university students (56%) than in year 2005 (50.7%). There was growing number of defendants against “strong leader” from 40.6% in 2005 to 49.3% in 2007. Approximately 55% of undergraduates think that there should be more women in policy. About 27% of university students answered YES to the question whether EU means for us tendency to loose our national culture and traditions. In the year 2005 it was only 21.6%.
The most frequent form of unconventional civic activities is financial contributions or gifts on different ecological and charity activities.
According the results from 2005 (66.7%) and 2007 (79.6%) it should be seemed that it is concerning remarkable important form of civic participation in Slovakia.
Knowledge test illustrated that students achieved excellent information about elementary political matters/facts in Slovakia (they know the President of the Slovak Republic, how often are the election there…) In terms of European policy they know the flag of EU, which countries are not the members of EU (Turkey). The outcomes showed that in year 2007 approximately 80% of students knew about the existence of the Student Assembly (SA) at their faculty or university. 41.5% of them took part in the election do SA and even more students contested in election to SA (9.1%). The students highly appreciate performance of their deputies in SA (almost 70%).

Recommendations of research:


The university students do not understand subject-matter of a relationship among legislative, executive and juridical/legal power. They overestimate the post of the prime minister. It would need to pay more systematic attention to research and to Civics at secondary schools.

Publications:

Publications

Questioner availability: is available for public

Quotation: SYRS, Political and civic participation of university students in Slovakia (2007)

Data file availability: is available for public
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