Social-political topic of youth in the Slovak republic (2006)
25. 10. 2011
Identification sheet of the survey No 004
Social-political topic of youth in the Slovak republic
Author of the survey: Institute of Information and School System Forecasting in Bratislava, Mgr. Marcela Bieliková
Period of data collection: 2005-05
Data collection: ASA = Agency of Social Analysis, Ltd, Palisády 19, 814 94 Bratislava 1, Slovak republic
In connection with the need to understand the views of young people on current problems of the society and their willingness to participate on the solution of these problems the research task Social-political topic of youth in the Slovak republic aims at analysing the views of young people on some important social problems such as respecting human and children rights, views on democracy in our state and credibility of individual institutions and subjects, civil participation and political orientation as well as finding out the extent of social involvement of young people and the extent of their legal conscience. At the same time, it aims at monitoring the extent of knowledge of young people in the area of state politics and its relationship to the youth.
Results of the survey and recommendations:
Based on the results acquired in the survey and their comparison with results from the years 1996, 1999 and 2002 we have come to the following conclusions:
The interest and effort of young people to participate actively on the formation of the civil society is greatly influenced by the level of credibility of state institution such as: the Army, the President, the Church, the Trade Unions, the Police Forces, the Court and Prosecution, the National Assembly of the SR, the Government of the SR and youth corporations. According to young people, the most trustful institution is the Army and the President. Almost 60,0% of the respondents expressed trust in these institutions. Approximately a half of the questioned young people expressed trust in the Church and the Youth corporations. The remaining institutions were prevailingly expressed mistrust. Results of the survey have clearly confirmed the fact that young people have considerable mistrust and feel scepticism regarding the decisions of the government and the parliament. Because of this they view their future more pessimistically than optimistically.
Participation of young people on public life of the society is connected with the overall process of socialization of young people. Results of the survey confirmed that up to 86,3% of the respondents does not take active part on the public life of the society. Regular participation was stated by only 5,0% of the addressed young people and 8,8% admitted occasional participation on the public life. The higher the acquired education is the higher is the participation of young people on the public life.
Political orientation of youth was monitored by a question where would the respondents with their views and stands place themselves in a scale of political orientation. Almost half of the questioned young people did not know where to place themselves and one quarter stated the political centre. In other answers leftist orientation was moderately prevailed by the rightist orientation which is a difference to the results from the year 2002, in which the right wing slightly dominated over the left wing. In a politically ranked group every second addressed young man/woman chose political centre, approximately 21% were rather left and 18,8% rather right. Almost 7% voted positively the right wing and 3,8% the left wing. A fact has been confirmed that although there are more positively rightist than positively leftist orientated young people, globally young people demonstrated their inclination more to the left than to the right.
Thus the results of continuous monitoring of the membership of young people in political parties and movements register permanent decrease. Membership in youth organizations or associations was given by 5,7% of young people and the acquired percentage equals the level of the last monitoring. 1,5% were members of a political party and this number is continually decreasing.
These figures of low percentage of membership in political and youth organizations have repeatedly confirmed the known fact that is the prevailing low social involvement of young people. There are several reasons for the low interest in activities of youth organizations. Every third respondent thinks that it is necessary to cater for the needs and interests of the young people. Results of the preferences of views on the popularisation of youth organizations activities are basically the same. It is necessary to focus attention on the propagation activities of the individual associations, on the coordination of their activities with other subjects of the third sector that work with children and youth because this cooperation influences and mingles naturally on the local level.
Difference in understanding democracy in the society is closely connected with the evaluation of satisfaction with the level of democracy in Slovakia. Satisfaction with the degree of democracy was expressed by 32,8% of the addressed respondents. However, the majority of young people expressed dissatisfaction. The evaluation of the extent of democracy is closely connected with the view of the respondents on the topic of the respecting of the human and children rights. Respondents advocating that human rights are respected in our state assess positively also the level of democracy.
Young people have a very low level of legal conscience. More than a half of the respondents think that their legal conscience is not deep enough to help them solve a common legal issue. By comparing the results of the survey a tendency has been confirmed of an increased number of respondents declaring more dissatisfaction with the level of their own legal conscience and of a decrease of those who perceive their own legal conscience as definitely sufficient for the solution of legal problems of life.
Young people are faced with many difficulties when integrating into the society, searching for work, securing accommodation and spending their leisure time. One third of the addressed young people answered affirmatively to the question whether a certain amendment and facilitation should take place in terms of passing the Youth Act. Only approximately 13% of the addressed think that the Youth Act would not facilitate the situation and almost 15% are persuaded that the Youth Act would bring no relief in the mentioned facts. Results for the monitored periods confirmed a growing pessimistic mood of young people and decrease in positive perception on the solution of problems after the passing of the Youth Act.
Young people realize that surveys of the life of young people, revelation of their views, stands and problems have great influence on the formation of state politics in connection with children and youth in contemporary ever changing world and that protection against undesirable influences is the main task of the state. The noticeable fear of young people of the negative phenomena endangering lives of the youth can be seen in their answers where they concentrate mainly on the legislative assurance of children and youth. The highest rate of the share on the financing of these youth activities was assigned to ministries. Following immediately after the state were the autonomous town and village authorities. Sponsors should take much smaller part on the financing of the youth activities similarly to domestic and foreign non-governmental organizations and trusts. Approximately one third of young people thinks that a considerable share in the financing of youth activities should be provided by international children's and youth organizations and centres.
Type of sampling and sample:
Specified scope of the sample for the collection was 1000 respondents, young people from Slovakia. Sample was constructed as quota sampling by selection variables and represented a representative set according to the population of youth in Slovakia.
Data collection was carried out in a form of guided dialogue of the questioner and the respondent. Data from the questionnaires were recorded into the SPPS system file.
Bielikova M.: Social-political topic of youth in the Slovak republic, ÚIPŠ, October 2005, p.64
Social-political topic of youth in the Slovak republic, ÚIPŠ, October 2005
Situational analysis of the status of youth in the Slovak republic, ÚIPŠ, November 2005
For detailed information about data file and methodology please contact ÚIPŠ - Department of Analysis and Research firstname.lastname@example.org
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