Iuventa / Výskum mládeže / Data catalogue / 1994 / Young people of Slovak republic, their value orientation and ways of spending their free time

Young people of Slovak republic, their value orientation and ways of spending their free time

Research identification sheet ID: DAYR 012

Authors of the survey: PhDr. Marta Zubalová, CSc., PhDr. Marta Zvalová, Mgr. Pavel Sehnal, RNDr. Ján Luha, CSc. Institute for Public Opinion Research at the Statistical office of the Slovak Republic (futher IPOR)
Period of data collection: 1. 2. – 10. 2. 1994
Data collection: IPOR, Hanulova 5/c, 841 01 Bratislava 42


The aim of the of public opinion research, conducted by ÚVVM in february 1994 was to analyze:
  • attitude to life, value orientation and life aims of the Slovak youth,
  • rate of tolerance of young people in Slovakia towards other nationality, race or religion individual
  • picture of faith in the mind of young generation,
  • styles and options of spending free time of the youth, picture of the value orientation in some life situations of the youth,
  • fears linked with future and opinions of the youth on actuality of solution the important problems of their life,
  • the view on young people with their own eyes.

With the term „youth” the survey means, people from 15 to 29 years.

Outcome of the survey

Eight out of ten young people expressed satisfaction with their life and are happy about it. Two out of ten expressed dissatisfaction with their current life.

Respondents, representing the young population of SR, who are at the age of preparation for their individual life, or are trying to find and take their place in society, most frequently answered, that one of the most important values in their life is to have work. Promising is the place of tolerance on the second place on the list of values. In the first half of the list there were values such as content and harmonic life, equality of rights for everyone, individual freedom or marriage and children.

The most frequent answer on the question: what would they like to achieve in their life was to have family and children. Life aims such as: success in work, self- realization, harmonic life or the achievement of higher education were marked just by a little less.

The rate of tolerance of the young inhabitants of Slovakia towards colleagues or schoolmates of other nationality is very high, 94 % respondents answered, that such colleague would not, or probably would not matter to them. Discovered rate of tolerance of the young respondents towards other races is lower (84 %) than towards persons with other nationality. The rate of tolerance towards colleagues with other religion was the highest – 96 %.

The results of the survey showed that not every respondent claiming to be a follower of some religion is at same time convinced with the existence of God. From those who declare their relationship with religion, 17 % does not believe in the existence of God and 36 % does not have a clean-cut opinion on questions like substance, essence of the world.

How the individual spends his free time is a reflection of his interests and hobbies, and his possibilities to realize and satisfy them in particular enviroment, in which he lives, as well. The analysis of the results suggests that in the structure of activities the dominating is the passive form of using their free time, filled mostly with watching TV station or listening to radio, reading newspapers and magazines, visiting their friends or reading books and self- education. From the group of young people only every fourth is used to active movement at turistics and trips to nature, manual work in garden or other form of do-it-yourself activity, or active sporting. Similar frequents are recorded with typical activities of the youth such as visiting discos, sport events, cinema.

Almost every second young person knows how to spend all his free time fully, every third one sometimes does not have something to do and 10% of the respondents often does not know what to do in their free time and thus their free time is often connected to boredom.

In the survey respondents had to answer the question, how would they solve the situation of their unemplyoment, or, if they are currently unemployed, how they solve it at the moment. The survey shows that young people prefer solutions, that imply some flexibility and activity. They are willing to leave their home and rise their atractivity on the labor market also by changing their studied department.

How are the young people affecting the public life in their close enviroment? Six out of ten questioned have answered, that they dont participate on pulic life of the society, the main reasons were: not enough free time or they are not interested in public affairs.

More then eight young people out of ten connect their future life and destiny to Slovakia, but only a half of them answered definitly on the question. The youth who doesn’t want to live and work their whole life in Slovakia added, thet thier reason is mostly economic, but also loosing their social safety or unstable social-political situation.

Among the main fears of young respondents in the near future was dominating the possible unemployment. The worries such as study problems or how to get a flat were significant but doubts not so pragmatic, such as: rising social instability, rising crime, the worsening of the interpersonal relationships, were even more represented.

For the solutions to problems which are touching youths life are the respondents waiting mainly from the local-goverment, and they are not few. From the research it is known, that the most difficult problem are the employment benefits and creating new work possibilities, after these is flat situation and more possibilities to spend free time and general conditions of the young families.

More than two thirds of young people thought, that they should have an advantage for example, in entering the school and work or in founding a family. In their opinion the advantage should be in better new-family loans, but also better loans to buy a flat, creating employment spaces primarily for the young or better study loans. They think the state is giving just a little attention to employment and housing problems of young people.

The characteristic qualities of todays youth mentioned most often, from their point of view were, friendliness, self-confidence, go-aheadativeness. Characteristics such as superficiality, irresponsibility or agresivity were also mentioned very often. The youth, according to the outcome of the survey, doesn’t appear to be hard-working, tolerant, humble or honest.

Type of chioce and the research sample

The target population „youth“ was composed by 1.205.572 inhabitants of SR in the age between 15 to 29 years. The chosen set was composed by free quota sample with random choosing in the last step. Controlled variables were: gender, age, nationality, education, size of municipality and region of Slovakia. The sample size: planned n = 912, reached n = 851, response rate: 93,31 %. At the considered 5 % level of significance the representivness of the sample verified in accordance with the controlled quota variables.

Methodics of research and date of data collections

The collection of data was conducted through interviewer net of IPOR in days between 1. 2. – 10. 2. 1994. The collection of data was realised by interviewers trough controlled interview (face-to-face) with the respondent´ in place their residence. The sample was representative through controlled demographic variables. Reliability of the results of the survey was minimal +/– 3,4 %.


Mládež SR, jej hodnotová orientácia a spôsoby trávenia voľného času. Štatistický úrad SR, Bratislava, 1994.


Mládež SR, jej hodnotová orientácia a spôsoby trávenia voľného času. Štatistické analýzy a informácie, Štatistický úrad SR, Bratislava, apríl 1994. (PhDr. Marta Zubalová, CSc., PhDr. Marta Zvalová, Mgr. Pavel Sehnal, RNDr. Ján Luha, CSc.)