Iuventa / Výskum mládeže / Data catalogue / 1997 / Value orientation of young people in the process of transformation of the society

Value orientation of young people in the process of transformation of the society

Research identification sheet ID: DAYR 013

Authors of the survey: Bezáková V. a kol.. Institute for Public Opinion Research at the Statistical office of the Slovak Republic (futher IPOR)
Period of data collection: 7. 2. – 17. 2. 1997
Data collection: IPOR, Hanulova 5/c, 841 01 Bratislava 42


The aim of the public opinion research, which was conducted by IPOR in february 1997, was to investigate:

  • interests of the young people in the economical and political happening in Slovakia;
  • opinions of the youth on actual political affairs (SR entry into EU, NATO);
  • how do young people evaluate addition of the transformation for the youth;
  • expressions about economic reform, it´s tempo and the process of privatization;
  • review of the conditions of the youth´s life on the whole society, family, personal basis;
  • value orientation of youth;
  • political and social inclinations and activities of young people;
  • freetime activities of young people,.

Under the concept “youth” the survey means people from 15 to 29 years. The survey was particularly exploring the opinion of the youth from Bratislava.

Outcome of the survey

For this young generation it isn’t typical to care for public affairs. About two thirds of the questioned respondents does not care for the economic and political situation. Almost half of the respondents answered the question, if they understand political things that are happening in Slovakia, negatively.

Young people percieve the interpersonal relationships in Slovak political scene quite critically. They think that corruption, hatered, will for power, struggles, distrust and smear are dominating and affecting these relationships.

The demand for possible referendum about the entrance of Slovak republic into the EU was in February 1997 among the young people in the age between 18 and 29 years higher than (51 %) the demand for referendum about the entrance of SR into NATO (44 %). Potencial young voters for referendum were mostly in positive mood about the integration of Slovakia into international structures. For the entrance into EU were 82 % and for the entrance to NATO were 63 % of the potencial voters of the referendums.

Political, economical, social and cultural changes after the year 1989 evaluates every second young person as bad, almost 40 % percieves them as changes to better life conditions. The right heading of the economic reform was agreed only by one out of five of the respondents. One out of ten questioned was content with the privatizing process.

More than a half of the respondents had the opinion that the youth is losing its standard conditions in the process of transformation. One out of three evaluates the transformation for the Slovak youth as positive. Young people living in Bratislava are much more optimistic towards the transformation and gains they receive from it, the positive opinion is outnumbering the negative opinion of the process of transformation in Bratislava among the young generation.

Almost three quarters of respondents were satisfied with the posibility to travel abroad. More than two thirds of the respondents didn’t have any significant complaints against the conditions for self- realization in their free time.

Every twenty-fifth young person is running his own business. In future every fourth young person plans to make living on his own business.

The most significant value among the youth is to have happy marriage and children, to live quiet and harmonic life and to be employed.

On the personal level more than four young people out of five have quite positive opinion about their life. Reasons of possible discontent are mostly caused by the existencial conditions (value of labor, flat problem, employment possibility).

Most common option of spending free time for the Slovak youth is watching TV, listening to radio, visiting friends, reading newspapers and magazines.

Type of choice, sample of the survey

There were two watched target populations:
„Youth of SR” was composed by 1.279.514 inhabitants of SR in the age between 15 to 29 years and „youth of Bratislava” which was composed by 99.448 of inhabitants of Bratislava. The sample was composed by free quota sample with randomisation in the last step.

Controlled variables were:
For set “youth of SR”: gender, age, nationality, education, size of municipality and region of Slovakia. For set “youth of Bratislava”: gender, age, nationality and education.

The sample size:
„Youth of SR”: planned 1400, n = 1344, response rate: 96 %. “Youth of Bratislava”: planned 300, n = 281, response rate: 93,67 %. At the considered 5% level of significance was verified the representiveness of the sample in accordance with the controlled quota variables.

Methodics of research and date of data collections

The collection of data was conducted through interviewer net of IPOR in days between 7. 2. – 17. 2. 1997. The collection of data was realised by interviewers trough controlled interview (face-to-face) with the respondent‘ in place their residence. The sample was representative through controlled demographic variables. Reliability of the results of the survey was minimal +/- 2,67% for the set „youth of SR” and +/– 5,85 % for the set „youth of Bratislava”.


Hodnotové orientácie mladých ľudí v procese transformácie spoločnosti. Štatistický úrad SR, Bratislava, 1997.


Bezáková V. a kol.: Hodnotové orientácie mladých ľudí v procese transformácie spoločnosti. Štatistické analýzy a informácie, Štatistický úrad SR, Bratislava, 1997.