Iuventa / Výskum mládeže / Data catalogue / 2002 / Participation of youth in the life of towns and villages

Participation of youth in the life of towns and villages

Research identification sheet ID: DAYR 005

Author of the survey: Sobihardová Ľubica, IUVENTA, Bratislava
Period of data collection: 2002
Data collection: Dicio, Ltd, Karpatská 15, Bratislava, Slovak republic


Main task of the survey was to penetrate deeper into the issue of integration of youth into the development process of towns and villages. For the first time after passing the jurisdictional act in 2001 it has enabled to monitor interaction between municipal authorities and the youth in towns and villages. At the same time it provided quantitative data about young people that are employed in the municipal authorities of towns and villages as well as information about the status of integration of the youth in the decision-making on the local level. Furthermore, it has provided information about the extent of mutual informing between municipal authorities and the youth, about differences in the preferences of problems solutions of the citizens of towns and villages from the point of young people's and of municipal authorities' view. Survey has also contributed to clarifying the motives of integration of the youth into developing activities in towns and villages.  


Aims of the project and results of the survey

  1. Find out to what extent young people strive for the preservation or development of their meso-environment. 
  2. Describe to what extent the individual elements of personal civil potential are fulfilled in the conditions of Slovak towns and villages. These are directly related to modern citizenship that is their knowledge potential, activity potential and association potential.      
  3. Find out whether authorities of towns and villages create conditions for the development of individual elements of personal civil potential of young people;

Survey was carried out a year after the creation of legislative conditions for the transfer of more competencies (in the area of state politics in relation to children and the youth) from the state to the municipal authorities. We intended to find out how these conditions were used by the municipalities on the improvement of conditions for integrating young residents into the development processes of towns and villages and to what extent they enabled young people to participate on the growth of prosperity of the whole region. Apart from this possibility of young people to participate on the civil life we were also surveying their willingness to take active part on the development of towns and villages.  


Any of the mentioned stages of participation is fulfilled sufficiently. Mutual informing between the youth and the municipal authorities about social events in the village has many gaps. We have observed an increasing disposition of young people and municipalities to search for different solutions as well as mistrust towards mutual cooperation.

Young people don't engage themselves sufficiently in the social life of towns and villages. They tend to refer with their needs to the state rather than to the municipalities. They instigate their own projects only very little. Participation on the local level does not develop towards generations' partnership. 

Young people focus their attention mainly on finding a job and on professional growth. Their professional fulfilment influences also the way they spend their leisure time. They make use of their leisure time more and more on the supplement of the qualification, on the compensation of their workload and health preservation.  


More attention should to be paid to improving the level of information of young people about social life in towns and cities. Local media is to be used more when transferring information in the frame of local work with youth.  Equally important as to improve the level of information of young people and municipalities is also to provide more opportunities for young people to be directly involved and to take part on civil life of the towns or villages. This means the activation of young people in towns and villages, yet not in the sense of cumulating the activities, but rather finding new forms of meaningful social life. In order to stimulate municipalities to these activities, it is possible to make use of specialised grant programmes.

Survey had shown that municipal authorities employ a minimum of young people below the age of 30. Increasing the number of young people in municipal authorities of regions, towns and villages would noticeably contribute to intensifying the partnership between generations.   It is equally important to incorporate new and alternative forms of the youth motivation to develop towns and villages into the scope of work of regional committees. In order to support participation of the youth in local conditions it is also necessary to coordinate activities of all subjects who deal with youth work on the local level (school, cultural, church, private and civil institutions) and to popularize the community participation of the youth. Education to participation of the youth could also be supported by in Slovakia still less frequent forms of informal education of the youth - volunteer centres, barrier-free institutions, job youth clubs.

Publications - Results from Survey were not published.

Results of the survey were used as one of the foundations when creating the chapter "Youth participation" in the National Report about youth politics in the Slovak republic.  See. National report about youth politics in the Slovak republic, 2005. Bratislava: Ministry of Education of the Slovak republic.

Type of sampling, data collection and sample: 

Specified range for the data collection was 1000 respondents for the youth and 1000 for the city and village mayors.

Survey was carried out by quota sampling from the basic file of young people in the Slovak republic between the ages of 15 and 26 according to Development of population in the Slovak republic throughout 1945 and 2015 (Lipská, M. 1995). Selection criteria were age, gender, economical activity, attended school, size of the village, town or region. Selection file met the requirements of representativeness. The intended amount was 1000 respondents, but statistically 1009 questionnaires were filled in by young people.

 Selection file of the mayors was constructed by quota sampling from the basic file of towns and villages of the Slovak republic. Selection criteria were age, gender, size of the region, town or village. 1000 questionnaires were elaborated. Selection file met the requirements of representativeness.

Empirical data was gathered by standardized dialogue (questionnaire). Data from the questionnaires of young people were compared to those of the mayors.

Data recording:

Data given in the questionnaires were recorded into the SPSS system file. Obtained numerical data (demographic variables) were recorded in the same form as given by respondents.

Quotation: IUVENTA, Participation of youth in the life of towns and villages-2002