Iuventa / Výskum mládeže / Data catalogue / 2006 / Survey of the opinion of young people for the needs of campaign „ALL DIFFERENT – ALL EQUAL"

Survey of the opinion of young people for the needs of campaign „ALL DIFFERENT – ALL EQUAL"

Research identification sheet ID: DAYR 010

Author of the survey: Elena Gallová Kriglerová, IUVENTA v Bratislave.
Period of data collection: 2006 (pilot study), 2006 (the main survey).
Data collection: Traction data collection was carried out by Agentúra sociálnych analýz "ASA", s.r.o.


The campaign „All Different – All Equal" of the Council of Europe runs in 2006 and 2007 on national levels in many countries throughout the Europe. The project includes a specific demand of knowing what opinions and attitudes do the young people have on the given topic before the beginning and after the end of the project.

This survey is based on three pillars of the campaign

Diversity – perceiving the differences, tolerance towards others, opinions on handicaps and discrimination, young people`s relationships with members of national, sexual, religious minorities and otherwise disadvantaged groups of young people Human rights – knowledge of human rights, opinions on education about human rights in Slovakia, keeping the human rights Civic participation of young people and non-formal learning – participation rate of young people on the social life, organization of young people and interest in activities related to campaign themes.  The survey outcomes bring about the basic discoveries, which can contribute to more effective research of these issues, but above all to more complex attitude towards the youth work. One of the partial objectives of the survey was to formulate the basic recommendations for the youth policy, which should take into consideration the opinions and attitudes of young people, as well as their knowledge and willingness to participate on the civic life of the society.

The survey‘s conception has been consulted with representatives of the Ústav informácii a prognóz školstva in Bratislava (dr. M. Bieliková and dr. M. Slovikova), CERYS FF UCM (prof. L. Macháček), survey agency ASA (dr. V. Palásek), and IUVENTA (dr. J. Jambrichova).

The survey sample and tools: The representative sample was comprised of 1187 young people aged from 14 to 26 years. The representative sample was created with the aim to compare the data from various age, educational groups of young people, people with different employment status, nationality and religion. The survey was carried out in all the regions of the Slovak Republic. The survey style was a standardized questionnaire, which was used with the face to face talk.

Outcomes of the survey

Young people perceive the issue of handicap and discrimination much less than the rest of the Slovakia`s population. And here comes the space for various activities focused on improvement of this attitude towards the issue of discrimination and tolerance in Slovakia. Actually, the young people should be the main target group of these activities focused on dissemination of tolerance and accepting the diversity.

The group of people most negatively perceived by young people are the Roma people. Prejudices against them are deeply rooted and present in all age and educational groups. Activities in the campaign should be focused on suggesting, that Roma people are not a homogenous group of people and to be able to present positive examples could be thus difficult. As the negative attitudes are the strongest with those young people, that do not know any Roma people, it is highly probable that their attitudes are formed in the socialization process influenced by the media. That is why the projects about the mutual making of acquaintance between the cultures and lives of Roma people and non- Roma people in Slovakia should be supported in the campaign.

Homosexuality is still a taboo theme in Slovakia. Even more important than the negative attitudes towards the homosexuals is the total ignorance of young people concerning this issue. The young people do not have clear views. That is why the activities of the campaign should be focused mainly on the dissemination of information about this topic and on the beginning of a public discussion. Because it is indicated, that the more information people have and the more people with different sexual orientation they know, the more tolerant attitudes they have.

Information campaign about enhancing tolerance towards refugees and migrants should be focused mainly on students of basic schools and colleges and on young people from smaller towns. Young people are not informed enough about the organizations, which help people, whose rights are contravened. Slovak organizations (mainly Slovenské národné stredisko pre ľudské práva) should be more intense when informing about their work, mainly amongst young people.

Learning about the human rights at schools should be less formal, students would appreciate object-lessons, more space for discussion and most of all connection between the theory and the practice. Young people in general do not have a clear attitude towards teaching about human rights at schools. That is why the projects and activities introducing innovative forms of teaching about the human rights should be supported.

Participation of young people on the public affairs is relatively low. One of the most important discoveries of this campaign is, that the mere participation of young people and their organization does not affect their attitudes towards the disadvantaged groups and minorities. Youth organizations should thus develop more activities focused on enhancing tolerance of their members.

Survey‘s recommendations:

The willingness to affect the happening in their neighborhood actively is highest with students of secondary schools and universities. These young people should be asked to carry out the activities focused on enhancing tolerance and active participation. About one fourth of the respondents in the survey did not have such an opportunity yet. That is why the projects, actively involving young people interested in the themes of diversity, disadvantage and discrimination and at the same time motivating those, who were not really interested in such activities yet, should be supported.

Trainings and seminars affect attitudes of young people towards disadvantaged groups and minorities very positively. Interest in such activities is common mainly with students of primary and secondary schools. Seminars should be carried out informally. Young people consider the advertising materials and concerts as the most interesting. That is why it is ideal to connect concerts and advertising materials with other activities, which allow us to have a deeper insight to these issues.

It is very important for young people to get to know the members of individual minorities personally. Those young people, who have personal contacts with the members of minorities (national, religious, sexual or others) have a more positive attitude towards them and perceive their disadvantages more sensibly than those, who do not come to contact with them.


1. Final report from the survey:
Elena Gallová Kriglerová (Centrum pre výskum etnicity a kultúry) Survey of the opinions of young people for the needs of the campaign „All Different – All Equal" ( November 2006), 38 p.

Je k dispozícii v pdf formáte (1.32 MB) – available in pdf
Dotazník do terénu (93.01 KB) – questionnaire
Data file v SPSS (224.23 KB) – data file in SPSS

A complete documentation in the DDI format is not available.