Iuventa / Výskum mládeže / Data catalogue / 2007 / Socio-pathological difficulties of the Slovak Youth

Socio-pathological difficulties of the Slovak Youth

Research identification sheet ID: DAYR 020

Author of research: PhDr. Marianna Pétiová,The Faculty of Arts, University of Comenius in Bratislava
Period of data collection: April – May 2007
Sample: teachers -148, pupils 483

Methodology of the research and research sample:

The teachers opinions were found out by short directed dialogue (n = 148). Questioner for children was spread out to the elementary schools that were chosen accidently all around Slovakia. The questioner was anonymous and it was dedicated to the students of 8th grade. To obtain fair information, each student was delivered an envelope for putting there the completed form and handing it back in sealing form. By the Program SPSS was done statistical processing of 483 questioners of 8th grade students (13-15 years old) from all Slovakia. The results are read in individual subsets according to specific demographic signs (age, sex, size of living quarters, county, and district).

Results of the research:

The most frequent socio – pathological phenomena that the teachers deal with at their students are smoking tobacco, truancy, consuming alcohol, bulling and taking illegal drugs.
The pupils with bad school results are very often not accepted by the teachers and also by their classmates. They not only dislike going to school because of more problems with the learning but also with their behaviour.

Among the most frequent leisure time activities of 13 -15 year old children belong watching TV, working on PC, listening to music, meeting with a group of peers, internet, passive relaxing, visiting of shopping centres, sport (active), visiting of family, reading of newspapers or magazines and helping to their parents with the housework. Fewer the students of 8th grades “have dates”, they actively develop their interests, go to church and sit on worships, read books, go to the discos, restaurants, bars or cafes. The lowest number of them visit sports events, educates themselves in different institutions, earn money by accidental part-time jobs and visit cultural events.

11.5% of quizzed pupils smoke accidentally. Approximately every tenth of respondents smokes one cigarette a day. Accidental smokers smoke from 5, 10 to 15 cigarettes a week, regular smokers smoke from 5, 10 to 20 cigarettes a day. Children start to experiment with smoking mostly at the ages between 12 and 13, so the lowest ascertained age has been 7 and 8 years. Boys are stronger smokers and they have tendency to try smoking earlier then girls. Only 58.5% of parents know that their child smokes.

7% of quizzed pupils drink alcohol more times a week. Fewer than half of 13 – 15 years old quizzed pupils admit/confess occasional consuming of alcohol. Up to 18.2% of 13-15 years old children confess to be drunk from time to time and 3.5% of 8th grade students admit this situation often happens to them. Only one third of quizzed pupils do not get alcohol from their parents at home.

Half of the quizzed pupils say that sometimes at family celebrations the parents serve them with alcohol. 22.4% are always served with alcohol. Approximately one fifth of them (20.3%) have a drunkard in their close family. In most cases it is the father (58.2%).

16.0% of respondent pupils have got experience with illegal drugs. Children start to experiment with drugs at the age of 13 (63.3%), 12 (11.7%), 14 (19.5%). Boys have tendency to try illegal drugs earlier then girls. Marihuana belongs among the most often tried drugs. Much lower number of pupils applied elusive substances, tabs in combination with alcohol, mushrooms, pills, cannabis, pervitin, ecstasy.

7.0% of 8th grate elementary school pupils admit truancy very often. Mostly boys who dislike going to school and do not have good relations with teachers and classmates play truant.

9.9% of the quizzed pupils have personal experience with bulling. 6.0% confess that they have ever bullied other pupils. The most common place for bulling is school, in many lower cases it is in their peer groups or in the street. The most enhanced form of bulling in school are vulgar reproachful words, mockery and ironical remarks, smashing of personal properties, physical attacks, threats, requisition of personal properties and compulsion to do some jobs.

Research recommendations:

Teachers have to pay more attention to students with very low school achievements. Teachers with parents should try together to adjust the reasons, motives of their school failure. Parents should be more interested not only in their children school achievements and behaviour but also their school attendance.


Pétiová, M.: Socio – Pathological Phenomena in the Life of Children in the Slovak Republic. PhD Dissertation Work, FF UC Bratislava 2008, 186 pg.

Data file availability: not available for public

Research tools accessibility: are available in mentioned PhD Dissertation Work

Quotation: Socio – Pathological Phenomena in the Life of Children in the Slovak Republic. 2008