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Participation of young people on school's self-government (2005)

25. 10. 2011

Identification sheet of the survey No 001

Participation of young people on school's self-government

Author of the survey:  Macháček Ladislav, Bošňáková  Mária Iuventa and UIPŠ in Bratislava,
Period of data collection: 2005-09 -10
Data collection: ASA = Agency of Social Analysis, Ltd., Palisády 19, 814 94 Bratislava 1, Slovak Republic


Within the frame of the European Year of Citizenship (2005) and in connection with the task to compile documents for the National Report about awareness and participation of young people in the Slovak Republic for the year 2005 for the European Commission IUVENTA and UIPŠ (Institute of Information and School System Forecasting) carried out a survey about secondary and university youth. Its task was to penetrate deeper into the topic of school boards and academic senate in the education of democratic citizenship. Research was linked to the survey carried out by UIPŠ from 2004 with the aim to acquire more detailed information about the system of establishment of school boards, data necessary for the evaluation of their activity and acquire information about good examples of the functioning of school boards. Survey of university students has for the first time allowed to observe functioning and activities of academic senates on Slovak universities after 1989. At the same time, it offered data necessary for ascertaining whether students - members of school boards show ability to implement experience of civic and political participation on universities.  

Survey (see questionnaire - in Slovak language) brought information that clarify trends of participation of young people in civic life confronting the following views and attitudes, behaviour and competencies: 

a. Political socialization,

b. Political and civic participation,

c.  Political knowledge,

d. Civic participation in the school,

e. Social-demographic data.


Representative sociological survey of secondary school and university students that was carried out on a survey sample of secondary school (870 respondents) and university (829 respondents) youth in October 2005 brought interesting information about their participation on the autonomous life of their schools.  Participation of students gains a very typical form - most students know that there is school board in the school (75-80%), significantly less number attends its discussions, even less number joins the elections (30%) and the least number of students stand as candidates (11%) and really work in the self-government of the school. However this is a basis of a functioning representative democracy. Typology of students confirmed that there is a group working between students concentrated on developing collective life of youth and which represents a sort of "core of organizers". It represents 8-9% of the whole age cohort.   Up to 28% students of this group stood as candidates in the elections for ŽSR (Students´ School Boards).  Expectations of the students as far as the activities of ŽSR are concerned were as follows: area of service on the school and after-school hobby interests, but also the need to develop students´ professional and scientific activities and task to equip school with modern teaching aid  technology.


1. Carry out regional meetings of representatives of ŽSR and Academic Senate (AS) in county towns on the topic of "good examples" of scholastic self-government under the auspices of Self-Governing Region in the course of the year 2006. 

2. Carry out Slovak conference of studying youth on the topic of SELF-GOVERNMENT and democratic citizenship education on secondary schools in the Slovak Republic. 

3. Methodical meeting of teachers of civics and society teaching with members of ŽSR (students and tutors from school management) about the curriculum innovation from the aspect of preparing the students of elementary and secondary schools on civic participation.   

4. Repeat the survey with similar methodology in 2007 to confirm the obtained information and possibly identify trends as result of development of methodical work with ŽSR. Shift its centre on finding cooperation between the particular school and representative organizations in its residence and region.

  •   Publications:

Macháček, L.: Student School Councils: an impulse for non-formal education for democracy in Slovakia , Trnava, CERYS FF UCM, 2005.   icon download (225.23KB)        

Type of sampling, collection and sample:

Sample, data collection and their processing in the SPSS programme was carried out by Agency of Social Analysis Ltd (ASA) in Bratislava after a selection procedure provided by Iuventa.  

1. Construction of sample:  Fix sample range for the data collection was 900 respondents of secondary schools youth and 900 respondents of university youth of full-time study. Samples are independent. Survey sample was constructed as quota sample according to selection variables.

Secondary schools: county in SR, size of residence of the respondent, type of secondary school, class, gender of the respondent.

Monitored variables: age was set as a monitored variable, because age of pupils of secondary schools is linked to the year of their study. 

Universities: county in SR, type of university - according to faculties, year of study, gender of the respondent.

Monitored variables: size of the permanent residence of the respondent, type of accommodation - college, lodging, daily commutation, permanent residence in the place of study, age.

2. Methodology of data collection:  Field data collection was carried out by public inquiry network of the Agency of Social Analysis "ASA" Ltd. 202 inquirers were collecting data from secondary schools and 207 from universities. Inquirers were contacted by the agency per post prior to a telephone call. Each post contained specification of the sampling quota and a specified number of interviews for individual inquirer. Respondents from secondary schools were contacted in their homes. Survey interview at home followed only after prior successful contacting and approving for the survey interview. Condition was the absence of third person during the interview. Respondents from universities were contacted at home, in colleges as well as in the university area and always in an informal atmosphere. Survey interview followed only after prior successful contacting and approving for its realization.

3. Period of data sampling:  Secondary schools from 19th September until 12th October 2005. Universities from 2nd October until 25th October 2005

4. Evaluation of the records of the course of survey interviews:   Each inquirer had the duty to make a record of carried out interviews. If the respondent refused to be interviewed after an initial contact then the main reason for refusal was to be recorded. Interview was rejected by 90 secondary school students (25 of this for high number of questions) and by 106 university students (21 of this for lack of time). Each refusal was followed by another search, contact and interview with the next respondent.

5. Data recording:  Data from questionnaires were recorded into the system file SPSS unweighed and untreated. Acquired numerical data (e.g. age) were recorded in the form as given by the respondent (not categorized).


Quotation:  IUVENTA: Participation and self-government 2005 / October 2005

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