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Social-pathologic issue of youth in the Slovak Republic (2006)

25. 10. 2011

Identification sheet of the survey 008

Social-pathologic issue of youth in the Slovak Republic

Author if the survey: Institute of Information and School System Forecasting  (ÚIPŠ) in Bratislava, PhDr. Marianna Pétiová
Period of data collection: 2005-05
Data collection: ASA = Agency of Social Analysis, Ltd, Palisády 19, 814 94 Bratislava 1, Slovak Republic




The aim of the research task "Social-pathologic issue of youth in the Slovak Republic" is to depict and analyse views and attitudes of young people to several negative social phenomena such as smoking of tobacco products, consumption of alcohol and illegal drugs, and existing manifestation of violence and perception of marginal groups by their contemporaries. Family environment, ways of spending leisure time and scale of values of young people also form part of the survey.  

Results of the survey:

Based on acquired results of the carried out survey as well as on the comparison with results of similar surveys from the years 1996, 1999 and 2002 we have reached the following conclusions:

Comparison with the findings from the year 1996 shows that number of respondents living in complete and incomplete families rises and number of young people who either live in re-married families or became independent decreases. At the same time the number of young already married people is decreasing.  

Worsened interpersonal relationships were discovered in families of young people who are undecided in terms of religion, in respondents between the ages of 18 and 22, in students of secondary trade schools and in respondents living in re-married families.

11,9% of respondents smoke occasionally and 18,2% smoke every day. 64,8% of the respondents are non-smokers and 5,1% have never had any experience with smoking of tobacco products. More heavy smokers are men, respondents between 18 and 22, atheists, students of secondary training colleges, young people living in re-married families, respondents giving worsened family relations and young people with low living standard.

We can claim that only less than one quarter of young people between 15 and 26 does not drink alcohol in Slovakia. Alcohol drinks are mostly consumed by men, by respondents between 23 and 26 years old, by atheists, students of secondary training colleges, respondents living in incomplete families as well as in families with bad mutual relations and also smokers.  

40,3% of young people have never been drunk and more than a third of the asked respondents have experienced this situation once or twice in their life. Less than one quarter of young people get drunk occasionally and 2,0% of the respondents state that they cannot get alcohol under control and get drunk regularly.  After consuming alcohol more men get drunk together with respondents between 18 and 22 and respondents living the Bratislava County, smokers and young people from supplemented families and families with missing harmonious mutual relations.

 Experience with at least one type of illegal drug is admitted by 20,8% respondents, whereby men, oldest respondents, atheists, university students, young people living in towns with a number of population from 50 000 up to 100 000 and respondents from the Nitra and Bratislava Counties experience with illegal drugs most often. Most frequent age when young people start experiencing with drugs is between 15 and 18, whereby men tend to begin with drug experiences earlier than at the age of 16.  The following drugs are the most frequent to experience with: marihuana, hashish, fluids, pills in combination with alcohol, pills, pervithine, cocaine and magic mushrooms. Other illegal drugs such as LSD, heroin and crack have only occasionally been tested by respondents, whereby 3,5%  of the respondents cannot define the type of drug they abused.

Truancy is admitted mainly by men, students of secondary training colleges and trade schools and respondents living in large cities. Intentional avoiding of school is admitted in great extent also by respondents living in re-married and incomplete families or in families with inharmonious family relations. Truants are mostly respondents who smoke and often consume alcohol. One quarter of the respondents adapted to a party of contemporaries, 22,0% was afraid of going to school due to unaccomplished school duties. Using the option "other" 2,1% of young people admitted they were afraid of classmates.   

Results of the survey show that 10,9% of young people has personal experience with bullying and 36,4% were witnesses of bullying. 52,7% has never experienced bullying in their life. 79,3% of respondents think that it is important to fight bullying and the delinquent should always be rightfully punished. Sceptical attitude to the solution of this problem has 8,4% of the respondents who claim that nothing will change anyway. Number of young people who do not know bullying falls since 1996.  There is an increase in number of respondents who encounter bullying in school and on streets and at the same time there is a decrease in number of those who experience bullying in different environment (military service, dormitory and work) and at home. From the marginal groups members of the skinhead movements, drug addicts and members of sects are the most known. Less is known about punk movement and anarchists. A very interesting fact is that only few young people admit membership in one these marginal groups.

Less than half of the respondents thinks that they have sufficient free time and 10,4% state they have a lot of free time.  Lack of free time is experienced by 43,8% of young people and 3,4% claim that they miss any sort of free time whatsoever for the realization of their interests.  Overall comparison of the data shows that a number of young people who are satisfied with the amount of their leisure time decreases and number of respondents who miss leisure time increases.

Young people spend much more leisure time than in previous years with computer, programming and watching web sites. They do active sport more often, dedicate to informal free time activities, visit church services and churches and rest passively. They devote themselves in greater extent to active development of their interests, listening to the radio and music, to reading newspaper and magazines, meeting with boyfriend or girlfriend as well as visiting pubs and cafes. They dedicate much less time than in previous years to visiting cultural events but also discos and gambling places. They are less interested in reading books, manual work and visiting sports events.

Young people attach big significance to values connected with good health and peaceful life within their family and among friends. Results of the survey show that young people ascribe significance to spiritual values aimed at propagation of beauty, arts, faith in God and charity. Since they respect the high status of a family and marriage connected with upbringing, cohabitation without getting married is of no importance to them. Although they attach quite a high value to acquiring social acknowledgment they have neither ambition to lead an adventurous life, to realise themselves in entrepreneurship or to influence social and political events.

Type of sampling and sample:

Specified scope of the sample for the collection was 1000 respondents, young people from Slovakia. Sample was constructed as quota sampling by selection variables and represented a representative set according to the population of youth in Slovakia.
 Data collection was carried out in a form of guided discussion of the questioner and the respondent. Data from the questionnaires were recorded into the SPPS system file.


Pétiová M. - Bieliková M.: Situational analysis of the status of youth in the Slovak republic. ÚIPŠ, Bratislava 2005 ISBN 80-7098-425-2



Social-pathologic issue of youth in Slovak republic, ÚIPŠ, October  2005
Situational analysis of the status of youth in the Slovak republic, ÚIPŠ, November 2005

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