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Views of secondary school pupils and university students on the living conditions of the youth in the Slovak republic (2004)

25. 10. 2011

Identification sheet of the survey No 006

Views of secondary school pupils and university students on the living conditions of the youth in the Slovak republic

Author of the survey:  Sobihardová Ľubica, IUVENTA, Bratislava
Period of data collection: 2004
Data collection: Dicio, Ltd, Karpatská 15, Bratislava, Slovak republic



Survey of views of young people on the living conditions in the Slovak republic is aimed at statements of secondary school pupils and university students about the influence of state politics on their way of life. Subject of the survey are views of pupils and students on: socioeconomic living conditions of the youth in the Slovak republic; conditions for education on Slovak schools; asserting of young people on the Slovak labour market; conditions for free time activities of young people in the Slovak republic; possibilities of young people to participate on the development of Slovak towns and villages; conditions for a family life in the Slovak republic; views of students and pupils on negative social phenomena.  

Aims and results of the project  

The intention of the survey "Views of secondary school pupils and university students on the living conditions of the youth in the Slovak republic" was to monitor the opinions of young people about the degree of state support in different areas of youth life and to complete the picture of accomplishment of democratic principles within the frame of state politics in relation to children and youth.

Results of the survey:

Perception of social as well as economic situation in the Slovakia is greatly influenced by real living condition in individual regions. The majority of young people do not want to leave Slovakia for ever. The strongest motive for temporary stay of the youth abroad is the possibility to find a work there, then tourism and studies.

In general, young people approve of the entry of the Slovak republic into the EU as a step that will enrich and improve socioeconomic situation in the Slovakia. They have a very strong sense for intercultural feeling. At the same time, they admit existing discrimination of some national minorities in the Slovakia. Respondents admitted aversion to extremist movements.  

Young people don't perceive the topic of economic securing of formal education as intensively as for example municipality workers, civil officers or parents. Moreover, they feel the impact of low connection between the curriculum content and labour market requirements.

Young people are directly touched by the issue of unemployment. Adolescents who perceive the low price of labour force in Slovakia are willing to earn their money abroad for a limited period of time. Only few students plan to run a business after the school.      

Interest of girls and boys for a regular hobby is decreasing. Adolescents prefer meeting contemporaries in non-formal groups. Survey had also confirmed a shortage of information and leisure time services that had been continuing for more years.  In comparison to near past, the results of the survey signal also a certain shift in the content of spending leisure time from passive towards active. They signal also a bigger support of meaningful spending of leisure time from the side of municipalities. Young people also appreciate the autonomy when deciding about the content of their own free time.   

Traditional attitude to family values is present in Slovak youth population. Young people see themselves as married and with own children. 



 Lay emphasis on regional youth politics that would take note of living conditions in individual regions. Creators of youth politics should give more opportunities to young people to express their views on social phenomena and activities of institutes that hinder the development of democracy in Slovakia.  

It is necessary to focus the attention to questions of interaction between pupils and teachers and in connection with this offer the pupils more space to participate on the creation of a democratic climate in the schools.  

A challenge for state and municipal authorities is to create stimuli for the creation of new jobs (infrastructure, starting a new business etc), create conditions for adjusting curriculum for the needs of labour market, improve career consulting and familiarize young people with conditions for entrepreneurship.   

A very important challenge is to adjust content and organization of free time activities for the needs of young people. It means a shift to non-formal, barrier-free forms as well as safeguarding the education of leaders and heads who will be in touch with young people.  

Support and help in the area of family politics should be directed into the following areas: help with conquering worsened living conditions of families with children; support of quality family relationships, mainly between parents and children (individual rights, solution of conflict situations, and support of a democratic education).               

Give young people more opportunities to take part on decision-making processes concerning the development of regions, listen to their arguments and improve communication feedback between municipal and state authorities and the young people. Support the system of institutions for general and specific prevention of addiction as well as edification in the prevention of bullying, criminality or violence in family.


Publication: - Results from Survey were not published.


Type of sampling, data collection and sample:

Sample and data collection was secured by a professional agency on a representative sample of 1210 respondents. Data was gathered by face-to-face discussions. Representative sample comprised 1210 young people, students of secondary schools and universities between the ages of 15 and 25. Sample took into account the structure of population in terms of age, gender, residence and type of attended school. Basic selection criteria were: gender, type (size) of residence, type of attended school, age and region.


Basic methodology was a questionnaire with 100 statements. By means of the questionnaire the addressed expressed themselves to the following areas of the youth life - socioeconomic conditions, educational conditions, conditions for spending their leisure time, conditions for a family life, conditions of participation of the youth, conditions for employment and conditions for the formation of negative social phenomena. Statements were correlated with socio-demographic variables - age, gender, attended school, size of residence in which the respondent lives and region where the residence is situated.

Data recording:

Data given in questionnaires were recorded into the SPSS system file.  Obtained numerical data (demographic variables) were recorded in the same form as given by the respondents.  

Quotation: IUVENTA Views of secondary school pupils and university students on the living conditions of the youth in the Slovak republic - 2004

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